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Injury Prevention Resources for Wood Products Manufacturing - General

Pulp & Paper | Sawmills | Shake & Shingle | Plywood & Panel Board | Value-added Wood Products | General

 

General | Electrical | Ergonomics | Personal protective equipment (PPE) | Safeguarding

The following links list tools, publications, and other resources to help prevent the most common injuries and illnesses in the wood products manufacturing industry. These resources may not meet all the requirements for health and safety in British Columbia. Please check the Workers Compensation Act, the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation, and related materials for specific WorkSafeBC requirements.

General

Booklet

StartSafe Safety Tips

A series of seven posters for the woodworking industry.

 Crew Talk Series

Each crew talk package includes information for employers and supervisors as well as handouts for their workers.

  1. How to Deliver a Crew Talk (PDF 268 KB)
  2. Housekeeping (PDF 1.2 MB)
  3. Lockout (PDF 636 KB)
  4. Safeguarding (PDF 817 KB)

The following are the accompanying Audio Slide Shows for each of the above crew talks:

  1. Housekeeping
  2. Lockout
  3. Safeguarding

Safe Operation of Grinders (PDF 60 KB)
This placard can be posted in the workplace and outlines the proper installation and proper use of grinders.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Manufacturing Safety (PDF 1.3 MB)
This publication was produced for employers, supervisors, workers, joint committees, and safety professionals as a guide to safety-related issues in their daily work environment. Interested stakeholders may also refer to or use the information contained in this document to assist them in carrying out their occupational health and safety roles and responsibilities.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
* Available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC store.

Fields of Vision: Pedestrian safety around forklifts (video)

video thumbnail This video, in dramatic style, puts you into the driver's seat and shows you how difficult it is for the lift truck operators to see pedestrians. The video then outlines simple ways pedestrians can help lift truck drivers see them - and avoid a serious or fatal accident. (12 min 20s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Deaf to the Danger: Warehouse scenario (video)

video thumbnail This video demonstrates the dangers associated with earbuds on the job in a warehouse. (1 min 23 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Due Diligence (video)

video thumbnail Due Diligence outlines the safety responsibilities of employers, supervisors, and workers. Using clips from WorkSafeBC videos and commercials, Due Diligence vividly portrays the human cost of workplace accidents. (12 min 21s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Young Workers in Manufacturing (video)

video thumbnail Michael Lovett lost his leg in a sawmill accident in 1999. He was just 18 years old. In this short video, Michael and a WorkSafeBC officer provide a perspective on what employers can - and should - do to prevent more tragedies like this. (6 min 39 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Housekeeping in woodworking (slide show)

video thumbnail Prevent slips, trips, falls, and injuries in your woodworking shop through simple housekeeping techniques. (1 min 46 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Ladder Safety in Manufacturing new item
We use ladders so often that we usually don't think about how to use them safely. But every time you climb a ladder there is potential for an accident. In most cases, falls from ladders can be easily prevented by following the steps outlined in this ebook.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Ladder Safety Series
This series has been developed to provide information that should help encourage safe work practices when using ladders.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Back Talk: an owner's manual for backs (PDF 706 KB)
An illustrated handbook that explains how the back works, provides tips for avoiding injury, and shows how to care for the back during recovery. The booklet also covers situations that can cause excessive loads and describes ways to reduce the risk of injury.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
Updated: November 2011
* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store
* A free ebook version for iPad is available on iTunes

BackCare: The charity for healthier backs
A website which helps people manage and prevent back pain by providing advice, promoting self help, encouraging debate and funding scientific research into better back care.
Source: BackCare

Foot Comfort and Safety at Work
Describes common causes of foot problems, how work conditions and footwear can contribute to foot problems, how foot injuries can be prevented, how job and workplace design can improve foot safety, how to buy the right footwear for work, how to care for one's feet, and exercises that can be done at the workstation.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

Preventing slips and trips at work (PDF 631 KB)
This booklet provides background and guidelines on preventing injuries from slips, trips, and falls at work.
Source: HSE, UK (Health and Safety Executive)

Powered Hand Tools
Information presented in question-and-answer format.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

Preventing deaths and injuries while compacting or baling refuse material
"This Alert describes five cases of fatal injuries that resulted when workers entered, fell, or were caught and pulled into energized compacting or baling equipment."
Source: NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety)

Electrical

Lockout: a guide to safe work practices (video)

video thumbnail This video provides a comprehensive overview on locks used to control energy in machines. Protect your workers from accidents caused by the inadvertent operation of control devices. (35min 39s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Lock out. It takes just seconds to lose a limb. (slide show)

video thumbnail This slide show describes two accidents, each where a worker lost a limb following improper lockout. (2 min 58 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Lockout for woodworking (slide show)

video thumbnail De-energizing woodworking machinery when doing maintenance prevents injury. See the basic steps for locking out. (2 min 42 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Lockout (PDF 2.4 MB)
This booklet defines lockout, explains lockout policy and procedures, and provides guidance on compliance with Regulation requirements.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Also available in the following languages:

* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store
* A free ebook version for iPad is available on iTunes

Ergonomics

Safety in Manufacturing - Ergonomics
These worksheets can be used as a guide to identify ergonomics risk factors commonly found in the manufacturing industry. They also include some recommended limits along with possible control options.

Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Making It Right: Preventing musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) in manufacturing (PDF 1.3 MB)
This publication provides guidance to help employers, joint health and safety committees, and worker health and safety representatives understand the risk of MSI and make simple changes in the workplace to reduce the risks, and make manufacturing tasks easier to perform. Each section of the publication examines common risks associated with certain body movements and job tasks, and identifies ways to eliminate or minimize them in a manufacturing setting. Also included is information on the Ergonomics (MSI) Requirement from the B.C. Occupational Health and Safety Regulation.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store

Lift/Lower Calculator

Lift/Lower Calculator This calculator takes into account some common risk factors and then helps you estimate whether a lift has a low, moderate, or high risk of injury.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Push/Pull/Carry Calculator

Push/Pull/Carry Calculator This calculator can be used to estimate the suggested maximum force that can be used during pushing and pulling, and the weight that can be carried.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Elements of Ergonomics Programs
"This primer describes the basic elements of a workplace ergonomics program. The text is largely built around NIOSH experiences in evaluating risks of WMSDs in a variety of workplaces."
Source: NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety)

Ergonomics
Ergonomics is matching the job to the worker and product to the user. Ergonomics and human factors are often used interchangeably in workplaces.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

OSH Answers: Hand tool ergonomicsspace
Information on the following topics presented in question-and-answer format: Health Hazards, Introduction, Job Design, Tool Design, Workspace Design.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

OSH Answers: Pushing and pulling - generalspace
Information presented in question-and-answer format.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

Visit the ergonomics web pages for more information.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Look at Me (video)

video thumbnail A worker who does not use eye protection while operating a grinder suffers a serious eye injury. (3 min 53 s)
video guide (PDF 252 KB)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

The Hearing Video (video)

video thumbnail This video describes the types of guards available for different work situations and how their use can prevent injuries and save lives.(14 min 46 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

A Practical Guide to Effective Hearing Conservation Programs in the Workplace
"Noise is one of the most pervasive problems in today's occupational environment, affecting workers in manufacturing, construction, transportation, agriculture, and the military".
Source: NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)

Fall Protection (video)

video thumbnail Fall Protection highlights the need for fall protection systems in the workplace. With dramatic footage of accidents and computer animation, this video outlines the steps to develop safe practices when working from heights. (11 min 42s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

An Introduction to Personal Fall Protection Equipment (PDF 545 KB)
This booklet outlines the safe use and limitations of personal fall protection equipment.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
Also available in the following languages:

* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store

Breathe Safer: How to use respirators safely and start a respirator program (PDF 3.4 MB)
This manual helps explain the requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation and is a tool to help you work safely in workplaces where there are breathing hazards.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store
Updated: October 2011

Respirator Selection
This document describes how respiratory hazards are controlled, what you should know before selecting a respirator, the different types of respirators, and how to select the right respirator.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

Respirator Care
This document provides checklists for caring for respirators and self-contained breathing apparatus.
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)

Pulp Mills: How loud is it?  (PDF 76 KB)space
A handout listing typical noise exposures in pulp mills.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC logo

Sawmills: How loud is it?  (PDF 76 KB)space
A handout listing typical noise exposures in sawmills.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC logo

Safeguarding

Too Much To Lose (video)

slide show thumbnail An experienced worker loses his fingers when he uses a dangerous piece of equipment without a guard. (3 min 12 s)
video guide (PDF 252 KB)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Guarding (video)

video thumbnail This video describes the types of guards available for different work situations and how their use can prevent injuries and save lives.(14 min 46 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Safeguarding Machinery and Equipment: General requirements (PDF 4.6 MB) space
This manual is for everyone who owns, operates, maintains, or sells powered machinery and equipment.

  • Employers will find information to help them comply with the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation (OHSR) and Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act. It will also help them exercise due diligence in providing a safe work environment.
  • Supervisors will find information to help them assess the risks to their workers from harmful contact with machinery and equipment.
  • Workers will gain greater awareness of the hazards associated with equipment operation and maintenance and of the safeguarding protection they have a right to expect.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store


Safety in Manufacturing (PDF 733 KB)
(A Companion guide to the Safeguarding Machinery and Equipment (PDF 5 MB) booklet.)
This guide provides information to help employers comply with the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation (OHSR) and Part 3 of the Workers Compensation Act. It will also help them exercise due diligence in providing a safe work environment. Supervisors will find information to help them assess the risks to their workers from harmful contact with machinery and equipment. Workers will gain greater awareness of the hazards associated with equipment operation and maintenance and of the safeguarding protection they have a right to expect.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC
* Print copies are available for purchase from the WorkSafeBC Store

imageMake sure all moving parts have stopped completely when locking out sawmill machinery
WorkSafe Bulletin WS 2014-09.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC


Ghost in the Machine: Protect Yourself from Injury (HTML)
"Safe use of machinery lands in the top 10 most frequently issued workplace inspection orders by Ontario Ministry of Labour."
Source: Workplace Safety North

Machine risk assessment survey (PDF 267 KB)
This document will help identify hazardous machine motion to which a worker may be exposed. It also contains the "hierarchy of safeguarding controls" as a reference.
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Machine guarding checklist (PDF 248 KB)
This checklist can be used to analyze the machinery in your workplace. Reproduced with permission from Canadian Auto Workers Union video "Blowin' in the Wind - Machine Guarding Prevents Death."
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Concepts and Techniques of Machine Safeguarding
"This manual has been prepared as an aid to employers, employees, machine manufacturers, machine guard designers and fabricators, and all others with an interest in protecting workers against the hazards of moving machine parts." (1992; revised)
Source: OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), US

Guarding for Woodworking (slide show)

video thumbnail Prevent slips, trips, falls, and injuries in your woodworking shop through simple housekeeping techniques. (1 min 46 s)
Source: WorkSafeBC WorkSafeBC

Fatality - Worker pulled into roller
"A worker was killed while operating a back treater flexer machine. He had started a new roll of sandpaper on the machine when, due to a lack of guarding, he became entangled with the in-running nip and was pulled into the roll."
Source: CCOHS (Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety)



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