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Part 16 Mobile Equipment

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General Requirements

16.2 Application

This Part applies to mobile equipment used by or around workers.

Note: Mobile equipment required to meet the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Act or the Industrial Transportation Act is subject to this Regulation for matters not specifically governed by those Acts and the regulations made under them.

16.3 Operation and maintenance

(1) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

(2) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

(3) Maintenance records for any service, repair or modification which affects the safe performance of the equipment must be maintained and be reasonably available to the operator and maintenance personnel during work hours.

(4) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

(5) Servicing, maintenance and repair of mobile equipment must not be done when the equipment is operating, unless continued operation is essential to the process and a safe means is provided.

(6) Mobile equipment used off maintained roads must be appropriate and safe for the intended use considering factors such as the nature of the travel surface, the slope of the travel surface, and the activities to be undertaken.

(7) In addition to complying with the applicable requirements in this Part, a variable reach rough terrain forklift truck, as defined in section 2 of the standard adopted by reference under section 16.7 (e), must meet and be used in accordance with the requirements of sections 14.5, 14.7, 14.8, 14.12, 14.13, 14.15, 14.39, 14.43 and 14.69.

(8) A record of inspections and maintenance meeting the requirements of section 4.9 must be kept by the operator of a variable reach rough terrain forklift truck, as defined in section 2 of the standard adopted by reference under section 16.7 (e), and any other persons inspecting and maintaining that truck.

        [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

        [Amended by B.C. Reg. 320/2007, effective February 1, 2008.]

        [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.]

16.4 Competency of operators

(1) A person must not operate mobile equipment unless the person

(a) has received adequate instruction in the safe use of the equipment,

(b) has demonstrated to a qualified supervisor or instructor competency in operating the equipment,

(c) if operating equipment with air brakes, has a valid air brake certificate or a driver's license with an air brake endorsement, or evidence of successful completion of a course of instruction on air brake systems by an organization acceptable to the Board, and

(d) is familiar with the operating instructions for the equipment.

(e) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

* See section 4.10 of the OHS Regulation.

(2) Subsection (1)(a) and (c) does not apply if a trainee operates the equipment under the supervision of a qualified instructor, or a supervisor.

        [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

16.5 Operator's responsibility

The operator of mobile equipment must operate the equipment safely, maintain full control of the equipment, and comply with the laws governing the operation of the equipment.

16.6 Supervisor's responsibility

A supervisor must not knowingly operate or permit a worker to operate mobile equipment which is, or could create, an undue hazard to the health or safety of any person, or is in violation of this Regulation.

16.7 Standards

The design, fabrication, use, inspection and maintenance of mobile equipment must meet the requirements of the following applicable standard:

(a) Articulating Boom Cranes: ANSI Standard ASME B30.22-2005, American National Standard for Articulating Boom Cranes;

(b) Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles: ANSI Standard SVIA-1-1990, American National Standard for Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles - Equipment, Configuration, and Performance Requirements;

(c) Mobile and Locomotive Cranes: CSA Standard Z150-1998, Safety Code for Mobile Cranes, or ANSI Standard ASME B30.5-2004, Mobile and Locomotive Cranes;

(d) Powered Industrial Trucks (low lift and high lift): ANSI Standard ANSI/ITSDF B56.1-2009, Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks;

(e) Rough Terrain Forklifts: ANSI Standard ANSI/ITSDF B56.6-2011, Safety Standard for Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks;

(f) Side Boom Tractors: ANSI Standard ASME B30.14-2004, Side Boom Tractors;

(g) Vehicles with Mounted Aerial Devices (except fire-fighting equipment): CSA Standard CAN/CSA-C225-10 Vehicle-mounted aerial devices or ANSI/SIA A92.2-2009 Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating aerial devices;

(h) Vehicles with Mounted Aerial Devices (fire fighting equipment): NFPA 1904, Aerial Ladder and Elevating Platform Fire Apparatus, 1991 Edition;

(i) Safety and hazard warnings: ISO Standard 9244:1995 Earth-moving machinery - safety signs and hazard pictorials - General principles;

(j) Lift Truck Operator training: CSA Standard B335-94, Industrial Lift Truck Operator Training.

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2012, effective February 1, 2013.]

16.8 Warning signal device - backup alarm

If an operator of mobile equipment cannot directly or by a mirror or other effective device see immediately behind the mobile equipment, the mobile equipment must not be used unless the mobile equipment has an audio warning device that

(a) provides a signal to people in the vicinity that, if practicable, is audible above the ambient noise level in the workplace where the equipment is being used, and

(b) is activated automatically when the equipment controls are positioned to move the equipment in reverse.

       [Enacted by B.C. Reg. 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.]

16.8.1 Warning signal device - extended component

(1) If mobile equipment is used to collect, transport or compact waste material, recyclable material or both, the mobile equipment must have a visual or audio warning device that

(a) provides a signal to the operator of the mobile equipment when a lifting mechanism, top door cover, body, tilt frame or tailgate component of the mobile equipment is extended in a manner that

(i) is likely to contact an overhead obstruction when the mobile equipment is in use, or

(ii) creates a hazardous condition, and

(b) meets the requirements of subsection (2) or (3), whichever is applicable.

(2) If a visual warning device is provided under subsection (1), the visual warning signal from the device must display within the operator's field of vision when the operator is using the mobile equipment.

(3) If an audio warning device is provided under subsection (1), the audio warning signal from the device must make a distinct sound that is audible to the operator above the ambient noise level when the operator is using the mobile equipment.

       [Enacted by B.C. Reg. 312/2010, effective February 1, 2011.]

16.9 Lights

(1) Mobile equipment used during the period from 1/2 hour after sunset to 1/2 hour before sunrise, or when persons or vehicles are not clearly discernible at a distance of 150 m (500 ft), must have and use lights to adequately illuminate

(a) the direction of travel,

(b) the working area about the mobile equipment, and

(c) the cab instruments.

(2) A headlight and backing light required by subsection (1)(a) must meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1029 MAR86, Lighting and Marking of Construction and Industrial Machinery.

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

16.10 Rear view mirrors

(1) Mobile equipment must have a mirror or mirrors providing the operator with an undistorted reflected view to the rear of the mobile equipment or combination of mobile equipment, except as provided in subsections (1.1), (1.2) and (2).

(1.1) If necessary to improve rear vision, parabolic mirrors in combination with flat mirrors may be used.

(1.2) A parabolic mirror, flat mirror or both may be used on a lift truck.

(2) A rear view mirror is not required on mobile equipment if the conditions of use or equipment structure makes the use of mirrors impracticable.

       [Enacted by B.C. Reg. 253/2001, effective January 28, 2002.]

16.11 Window standards

(1) Windows on mobile equipment must be made of safety glazing meeting the requirements of ANSI Standard Z26.1-1990, American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways - Safety Code.

(2) If the maximum travel speed of a machine is 40 km/h (25 mph) or less, tempered windscreen glazing meeting the requirements of ANSI/SAE Z26.1-1990, American National Standard for Safety Glazing Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Equipment Operating on Land Highways - Safety Code, section 4, item 2 is permitted for use as the windshield on the front of the machine.

(3) If wipers are used on plastic glazing, the glazing surface must be hard coated.

(4) Each window on mobile equipment manufactured after February 1, 2002 or otherwise installed on mobile equipment after that date must be marked to identify the manufacturer, the standard to which the window conforms, and in the case of polycarbonate windows, the thickness and grade of material.

       [Enacted by B.C. Reg. 253/2001, effective January 28, 2002.]

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

16.12 Maintenance

Windshields, side and rear windows, and rear-vision mirrors must be maintained to provide clear vision to the operator.

16.13 Braking requirements

(1) Mobile equipment must have braking systems meeting the requirements of the following applicable standard:

(a) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1473 OCT90, Brake Performance - Rubber-Tired Earthmoving Machines;

(b) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1026 APR90, Braking Performance - Crawler Tractors and Crawler Loaders;

(c) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1178 ISO11169 DEC94, Machinery for Forestry - Wheeled Special Machines - Vocabulary, Performance Test Methods, and Criteria for Brake Systems;

(d) Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1472 JUN87, Braking Performance - Roller Compactors;

(e) ANSI Standard ASME B56.1-1993, Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks;

(f) ANSI Standard ANSI/ASME B56.6-1992, Safety Standard for Rough Terrain Forklift Trucks;

(g) SAE J/ISO 11512 MAR96, Machinery for Forestry - Tracked Special Machines - Performance Criteria for Brake Systems.

(2) Mobile equipment manufactured before the publication of the standards listed in subsection (1) may remain in service using the brake system originally specified by the manufacturer unless, in the opinion of the Board, modification is necessary to ensure that the braking system is adequate.

(3) Mobile equipment used as an off-road transport vehicle on a slope greater than 20% must have a braking system meeting the performance requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1178 ISO11169 DEC94, Machinery for Forestry - Wheeled Special Machines -Vocabulary, Performance Test Methods, and Criteria for Brake Systems.

(4) Mobile equipment must have a parking system that does not use gas or fluid pressure to maintain its application and the parking system control must be located so that the operator, in the operator's seat, can activate it.

(5) If mobile equipment depends on engine power for stopping and power failure will result in loss of adequate capability to stop, supplementary means must be provided to enable the operator to bring the equipment to a controlled stop.

(6) If the Board is satisfied that it is not practicable to comply with subsections (1) to (5), the Board may exempt the mobile equipment from their application subject to conditions the Board specifies.

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

* See also section 4.4 of the OHS Regulation.

Note: Under subsection (5) the automatic and gradual application of spring brakes is an acceptable supplementary means if warning devices are installed to warn of low air pressure and allow the operator to bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.

16.14 Supplementary steering

(1) If wheeled mobile equipment depends on engine power for steering and power failure will result in loss of adequate directional control, a supplementary system must be provided to enable the operator to steer to a controlled stop.

(2) The supplementary steering system required by subsection (1) for equipment capable of a travel speed greater than 20 km/h (13 mph) must meet the requirements of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Standard J1511 ISO5010 FEB94, Steering For Off-Road, Rubber-Tired Machines.

(3) A rubber tired skidder manufactured after January 1, 2000 must have a supplementary steering system meeting the requirements of subsection (2).

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 312/2003, effective October 29, 2003.]

16.15 Steering wheel knobs

(1) A steering wheel knob is not permitted on mobile equipment if road wheel reaction forces to the steering wheel are hazardous to the operator.

(2) A steering wheel knob must be a low profile or mushroom type, and lie completely within the periphery of the steering wheel.

16.16 Safe starting

Mobile equipment must be protected against engine starter engagement when the engine is coupled to the wheels or tracks.

16.17 Escape from a cab

(1) Mobile equipment with a single cab entrance door, manufactured after January 1, 2000, must have an alternate means of escape that is clearly marked both inside and outside the cab and which

(a) is not located on the same surface as the cab entrance door,

(b) is usable regardless of the position of movable components or accessories of the machine,

(c) does not pose additional hazards to the operator,

(d) can be opened from both the inside and outside without the use of tools when the equipment is in use,

(e) requires a force of not more than 135 N (30 lbs) to open, and

(f) provides a clear opening of at least 65 cm (26 in) in diameter if circular, 60 cm (24 in) on each side if square, and 47 cm by 65 cm (19 in by 26 in) if rectangular, or the dimensions of which comply with ISO Standard 2867-1994, Earth-Moving Machinery - Access Systems.

(2) Mobile equipment with a single cab entrance door, manufactured before January 1, 2000, must meet the requirements for an alternate means of escape required at the date of manufacture, unless otherwise directed by the Board.

       [Amended by B.C. Reg. 381/2004, effective January 1, 2005.]

16.18 Controls

(1) Operating controls for mobile equipment must meet the requirements of a standard acceptable to the Board for the type of equipment.

(2) Operating controls must be identified to show the function they serve and be located and maintained to allow safe operation of the equipment.

(3) Repealed. [B.C. Reg. 381/2004, effective January 1, 2005.]

16.19 Load handling attachments

(1) Buckets, forks, booms, hoists and other load handling attachments must only be installed on mobile equipment as specified by the equipment manufacturer or when certified by a professional engineer for use on the equipment.

(2) The installation specified by the equipment manufacturer or certified by the professional engineer under subsection (1) for hoists or load handling attachments must

(a) include instructions for safe use of the equipment with the load handling attachment, and

(b) provide for the evaluation of the stability of the equipment, including the effect of load swing.

        [Amended by B.C. Reg. 320/2007, effective February 1, 2008.]

16.20 Load ratings

(1) Mobile equipment designed and used for lifting, hoisting or similar operations must have a permanently affixed notation, legible and visible to the operator, stating the rated load of the equipment.

(2) A load chart must be displayed in the operator's cab if the rated load varies with the reach of the equipment.

(3) If the equipment is modified the employer must ensure that the rated load and load chart are changed as necessary to reflect the new load ratings.

(4) Mobile logging equipment is exempt from the requirements in subsections (1) to (3).

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Employers are legally obligated to make a copy of the Workers' Compensation Act and the OHS Regulation readily available for review by workers. The circumstances under which WorkSafeBC may consider an employer's providing access to electronic versions of the Act and OHS Regulation to have satisfied this obligation are described in Guideline G-D3-115(2)(f).